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What is suede? Overview Of Suede Leather

If you are a lover of leather products. Must have heard the term "Suede or Suede Leather" once.

Since the 70s, this material has been too familiar for the shoes, fashion clothes everyday.

They give users the image of the strong, liberal, a little closer to nature.

In the different types of leather today such as plain leather, glossy leather, matte leather ... then Suede seems to have a certain foothold in the hearts of fashion followers. From fashion designers, weavers bring to consumers products that are very popular and trust this skin.

However, this term for many people in Vietnam is still very strange, it has not brought itself popular to the minds of customers.

So today I would like to share with you about "What is Suede Leather", presenting the knowledge of suede that not everyone knows well compared to other materials.

We will clarify a lot of common questions that many people ask such as: What kind of leather is actually? What are they different from conventional leather ?, What is this special material of suede? What products are usually made of suede? How is this material different from other materials?

Find out in detail through my article below.

I. WHAT IS SKIN?
SYNOPSIS
I. What is suede?
I.I What is the method of making suede material?
I.II Development history of suede
I.III How is suede fabric made?
Skin finishing process
The final process
I.IV What a suede looks like
I.V Properties of suede
II. Finished products of suede
II.I Should I buy products made from suede?
III. Types of suede - made from suede?
- Suede from sheep skin
- Suede from pig skin
- Suede from cow leather
IV. Pros and cons of suede:
Advantages:
Defect:
V. Finding Suede Material Durable? How To Store Skin At Home
V.I How to check whether suede material is durable
BECAUSE. Compare suede and Nubuck leather
VI.I Same
VI.II Different
BECAUSE. Compare suede and velvet leather
VI.I For Suede
VI.II For Da Nhung
VII. Where is suede manufactured?
In Vietnam, you can refer to some prestigious addresses such as:
VIII. Products from suede?
IX. Are there what is considered suede leather of suede fabric?
1. Suede
2. Ultrasuede suede
3. Alcantara suede
X. How does suede fabric affect the environment?
Suede Leather "in English" is the third layer of leather cut from the inside (the flesh) of the Split Grain Leather.

Suede is the inner layer of natural beauty with short flesh hairs that create a soft and luxurious feeling.

The main difference between suede and other types of leather is that suede fabric is derived from the underside of animal skin while most leather types are derived from the upper face of animal skin.

The underside of animal skin is much softer than the outside, but it also has less properties that are against stains and stains. Therefore, suede is often considered a luxury material; While it lacks durability more than normal skin, it is much softer to the touch and more comfortable to wear to the skin.

Compared to normal leather, suede is much easier to absorb, which means it lacks the waterproofing benefits of the skin. Therefore, it is best to wear suede clothing indoors or in situations where adverse environmental conditions are not possible.

While most types of leather are made from cowhide, suede is most commonly produced from sheepskin. However, other types of animal skins, such as calves, goats and deer can also be used in the production of suede.

In order to reduce the impact on leather-producing animals and counteract some of the negative attributes of suede, textile manufacturers have tried to create different types of synthetic suede substitutes with varying degrees of success. .

While it is impossible to really copy the desirable properties of suede, synthetic alternatives can be less expensive or more durable than genuine products.

I.I WHAT IS A METHOD FOR CREATING SKIN MATERIAL?
Suede is created by two common methods as follows:

The first method, because suede is originally the inner surface of animal skin, can be seen on the underside of the skin and turned upside down, in contrast to the nubuk skin made from the outside.
The second method, which is a more sophisticated and complex evaluation method. It is to separate the particles on the surface of the skin and to reveal the faint part just to get the inner surface. This way we will be suede both sides on the bottom and will create a product with softer leather material, more flexible. Therefore, the price of this skin will also be higher.
I.II HISTORY OF LEATHER DEVELOPMENT
Suede is the material that is the favorite of the French tycoon gentleman. Around the 19th century, the name suede appeared through the French importing soft leather gloves from Sweden. Since then the name ‘gants de Sude’ (Swedish suede glove) is widely used.

In 1960, suede flare was a material that covered the fashion industry with many designs.

What is suede? Overview of knowledge about Sudue Leather

Up to now, this material has been launched by many manufacturers and designed for outstanding products. It is not only used for the rich, aristocracy but also widely available to all classes. There are many designs that use suede, the most outstanding are: coats, shoes ...

Instead of using the animal's rough outer skin, Swedish leather artisans have devised ways to use the animal's soft inner skin to create unbelievably soft gloves for women.

While suede production has remained confined to gloves for a few decades, artisans in Sweden and across Europe have finally realized that the potential of suede goes far beyond glove production.

Over time, suede production expanded into coats, shoes, pockets and other suede applications we know today.

Production of suede is a relatively recent phenomenon in human history, but mankind has used animal skin for clothing and accessories for thousands of years.

Prehistoric evidence indicates that Neolithic peoples used animal skins as their main source of textiles, and the use of leather and leather in fabric production continues to this day.

The main difference between today's leather and its prehistoric counterparts is the diversity of available leather products and the technical skills used to develop modern leather materials.

Suede is often thinner and more porous than the skin in its pristine state, so it becomes much softer than natural leather. Colors become sharper than natural skin.

I.III HOW IS LEATHER SILK FABRICS?
What is suede? Overview of Sudue Leather Knowledge The process of making suede begins with the slaughter of animals that will be used to make this fabric. Next, the animal is skinned, and the skin is dried.

After the skin is completely dried, a natural chemical called lime is used to remove all hair follicles from the skin. Next, the skin is exposed to a natural enzyme called tannin, which makes the skin invisible and officially turns it into skin.

Without tannins, the skin used to make the skin will remain the same as any other animal product and decompose over time. Tannins prevent this breakdown and the process of applying tannin is called Tan tanning.

Skin finishing process
At this time, the leather will be used to make the suede in a more or less complete state. However, to make a fabric recognizable as suede, a few more processes must be done.

First, skin manufacturers apply a mixture of salt, oil and other natural compounds to treat the skin. This process makes the leather more durable, and some leather manufacturers may use synthetic chemicals to provide greater durability.

In order to turn this finished leather product into a suede, the skin will be thinned and separated, which leads to the tedious texture that makes the suede so desirable. Finally, a special texture process will be used to make the suede soft and comfortable.

The final process
With the final texture process, suede fabric is ready to be sewn into clothing, accessories or shoes. However, some manufacturers may choose to dye suede before selling to accessories or apparel manufacturers.

Unlike ordinary leather, which is very difficult to dye, the unique texture of suede works well with many natural and artificial dyes.

After the dyeing process is complete, suede is usually sold in the yard, and then it can be cut and sewn to form a final product that can be sold to final consumers. However, some clothing and footwear manufacturers may choose to apply a final waterproof coating before they sell their suede items.

I.IV HOW THE LEATHER looks
Suede gives a luxurious feel with a beautiful decorative appearance. The surface of suede looks like dense short hairs. When suede is combed, it has a consistent color and grain. Darker colors sometimes appear.

I.V ATTRIBUTES OF THE SKIN
While most skin types are smooth, suede feels more like cotton or a vegetable fabric other than animal skin. In appearance, suede is translucent while normal leather is glossy, and while ordinary leather is not waterproof, suede is highly permeable, and it tends to stain.

Unlike normal leather, often quite thick, suede is often thin, contributing to the appeal of delicate textile applications.

Suede is notoriously hard to clean; Washing machines with this cloth can damage it, but because suede becomes easily dirty, owners of suede clothing, shoes or accessories must professionally clean their suede relatively often to keep them. in good condition.

II. FINISHED PRODUCTS OF LEATHER SKIN
Suede is a popular fabric for shoe production. Although suede is light brown or gray in its natural state, various dyeing processes can be used to change the fabric's color scheme to make it blue, red, yellow, green or any desired color.

- Application of fashionable suede fabric

Suede fabric only applies to business shoes. Because this fabric is very fragile, waterproof and prone to stains, it is not useful for any outdoor shoe application. In fact, regular maintenance is necessary to keep the suede shoes visible, which has led many enthusiasts to switch to synthetic, maintenance-free alternatives. significant and machine washable.

- Application of suede clothing fabric

Besides shoes, suede is often used in coats and other types of outerwear. However, suede is only useful for cool weather outerwear applications; Because the fabric becomes soaked and stain so easily, it is not useful for rain or snow.

In addition, suede is also popular in designer handbags. The softness and unique texture of this fabric make it appealing in this application, and like most designer accessories and apparel, suede handbags are not designed for everyday use. or in heavy applications. Economical use of suede handbags protects the quality of these high-end accessories.

- Application of fashion suede fabric

In some cases, suede is still used as a glove material, but other materials have generally surpassed the desired properties of suede for this application. Other uses for suede fabric include inner lining for vests, high-quality belts, designer hats and car seat covers. However, synthetic alternatives to suede are considered more desirable for car seat covers because they are more durable and stain resistant.

II.I Should I buy products made from suede?
With soft properties and certain thinness, suede is effectively applied to the production of suede clothing and shoes. In addition, fashion accessories such as shoes, handbags, leather wallets, gloves or upholstery, curtains are also great items from suede. And these products have long-lasting durability, eye-catching and luxurious colors.

However, the price of products made from suede is relatively high. Besides, suede is very easy to absorb water, dust and difficult to clean. Therefore, if you do not care about financial issues and difficult maintenance but care about durability, suede shoes, suede clothing, handbags or products from suede are relatively good choices. .

III. SKIN TYPES - WHAT LEATHER IS LEATHER FROM?
Suede is made from many different types of leather, almost every animal can be used to make suede, here are the 3 most used types of suede:

What is suede? Overview of knowledge about Sudue Leather

- LEATHER FROM THE SKIN
Made primarily of sheep skin (because this suede material is softer, softer). Sheepskin suede is a great product for cold and wet monsoon weather.

- SKIN FROM SKIN
Just like sheepskin, suede from pig skin is a bit harder, but it will give you a nice durable product.

- SKIN FROM SKIN
Like sheep skin, calf skin is softer than cow leather. Suede material from rough cowhide is stiffer, but creates a very durable product.

IV. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF LEATHER SKIN:
ADVANTAGES:
Suede can be more durable than ordinary leather: Without the solid protection of the natural leather surface, suede is used with some other additives that can improve the texture of the skin. The thicker suede layer will have more links between fibers, more fiber enhances the durability of the leather.
Gives the user a soft and luxurious feel Like Rough out leather, suede is also the type of skin that is brought inside out to create a soft and luxurious feeling.
Can be used to produce long-lasting products due to its higher durability so suede can be used for long-term products.
Cheap price: Suede is the 3rd layer of genuine leather, is the skin with the lowest quality so it is also the cheapest price among genuine leather.
DEFECT:
Poor fouling resistance: Like Nubuck leather, the fouling resistance of suede is poor. However, suede is poor against dirt because the fibers on the outside are easy to get dirty and hard to clean. If you properly clean and store, the product can be used for a long time.
Easy to absorb water, if you go under the rain, your shoes can be put in the wastebasket
The price is higher than other skin types.
V. LEARN ANY DURABLE SKIN? HOW TO STORAGE SKIN AT HOME
What is suede? Overview of knowledge about Sudue Leather

There are a few tips and tricks you should know to care for products made from suede as follows:

Absolutely do not dry the suede with a hair dryer or heat because it will change the structure of the skin
Use a suede brush (or toothbrush) to remove the stains on the surface of suede.
But if the hard, dry stains stick, try some white vinegar and wipe it off with a brush
For cases of washing suede products, you should use soaps, dishwashing liquid or laundry detergent for suede and brush gently with a brush, then expose in a cool place, away from sunlight. God.
V. I. HOW TO CHECK ANY SKIN MATERIAL
Suede is the hardest material to clean, because it is easy to color if exposed to lots of water. It is also very easy to fluff if using hard surfaces of friction on the surface. And if we expose to the heat, it will damage your leather shoes. To clean suede sneaker, follow these steps:

Check whether the leather surface of the shoes is ruffled and colored by taking a cotton wipe to test the surface of the shoes.
If there are stains, use a soft cloth and a soft bristle brush. You dip the brush into water, use Jason Markk liquid directly on the brush. Then dip the water again to use less concentration.
Brush the brush in 1 up - 1 down or 1 front - 1 manner until the stain is completely removed.
Take a clean towel and perform TAP AND TWIST. This is an important step to remove water and foam from the suede you have just cleaned. Intended for keeping Suede free of hairiness and moisture absorption for suede surfaces.
After cleaning, we wear shoes to dry for 12 hours. Dry for 12 hours after cleaning suede.
Use techniques 1 up - 1 down and 1 before - 1 after (shoe shine) to rub on the surface to massage the suede layer becomes soft and avoid hairiness.
BECAUSE. COMPARED LEATHER AND NUBUCK LEATHER
It is not a coincidence that the investigators often mistake Nubuck and suede leather, so what are the similarities and differences between Nubuck and suede leather?

VI.I LIKE VARIOUS
Both suede and Nubuck leather have soft and smooth hair. You will see clear, blurred marks, such as moving your finger to the surface of the skin.
They are all skin types with poor resistance to dirty. Because the coat is easy to absorb and stain, both skin types must be treated to increase their ability to resist dirt.
They are both difficult to clean out and due to similar properties, the skin care and preservation of these two types of skin are the same.
High applicability is used to make bags, shoes, wallets ... or many other products.

VI.II DIFFERENT
Nubuck leather

Nubuck leather is made by abrasing the outer surface of the skin, creating a velvety, velvety soft cotton.
If the skin surface is covered with wax, it will be very simple to clean the surface when you only need to use a sponge to remove it. Then the wax layer will be removed and you will easily recognize the soft Nubuck skin.
Nubuck has a natural Grain surface, can print and design a variety of patterns on the surface. And this is why this type of leather is popular for fashion.
Nubuck leather is more durable, rough, tougher and is usually more expensive.
Suede

Is the internal surface of the skin sanded
Suede is cheaper and less durable than nubuck
Because it's the inner layer, suede is softer
BECAUSE. COMPARISON OF LEATHER AND VELVET SKIN
VI.I FOR SKIN
Feeling the feel of suede material, touching the inside of the suede will feel soft and smooth like leather.

The gloss on the shoes is usually homogeneous with the shoe color and a bit lighter than the shoe.

Suede shoes are often designed with shoes that give you a sense of dynamism, youth and health when wearing them such as sports shoes, lazy shoes, flats or boots.

But sometimes with suede material also creates a new style, style for soft high-heeled designs of suede very gently.

VI.II FOR VELVET SKIN
Made of velvet material, the shoe surface looks softer, smoother and more shiny. black.

When touched, the shoe will have a clear feel of the velvet material, much smoother than suede shoes. Velvet material is often suitable for light and feminine shoe designs.

For each different preferences, you can choose each type of shoe to suit your usage situation and style. Each type of shoe has its own advantages and style and personality for the wearer.

VII. WHERE ARE SKIN LEATHER PRODUCED?
What is suede? Overview of knowledge about Sudue Leather

China is the largest producer of leather products, and they will rely on the notion that the Asian textile giant is also the largest producer of suede. However, some sources claim that not China but Europe has the largest market share in suede production.

In any case, China is the world's largest textile market and other expanding markets in Southeast Asia and South America will continue to boost demand for suede fabrics in the coming decades.

While synthetic alternatives to suede continue to vie for dominance, the unique properties of this animal-based fabric will support its popularity around the world.

IN VIETNAM, YOU CAN REFER TO A PRESTIGIOUS ADDRESS AS:
- STAR ASIA TRADING VIETNAM CO., LTD: High-tech enterprise 158 Province Lo 2, Tan Phu Trung Ward, Cu Chi District, Tp. Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC).

- PHUONG ANH SAIGON CO., LTD: 518 Huong Lo 2 Street, Binh Hung Tri Ward, Binh Tan District, Tp. Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC).

- KIM HOA IMPORT AND EXPORT CO., LTD: Optical high-tech enterprise No. 31 Nguyen Kha Trac Street, Mai Dich Ward, Cau Giay Dist., City. Hanoi (TPHN).

VIII. PRODUCTS FROM LEATHER SKIN?
The cost of suede fabric varies per yard depending on the quality and means of production of this natural textile. The price compared to the market in Vietnam is still quite high.

The use of synthetic suede fabric is significantly cheaper than monolithic leather, which is the main driver of the popularity of synthetic suede.

What is suede? Overview of knowledge about Sudue Leather

What is suede? Overview of knowledge about Sudue Leather

What is suede? Overview of knowledge about Sudue Leather

What is suede? Overview of knowledge about Sudue Leather

IX. Are there any different types of loose leather fabrics?
Although there is only one real type of suede, there are a few alternatives to this fabric that can be called suede in certain cases.

What is suede? Overview of knowledge about Sudue Leather

1. LEATHER
While there are many suede substitutes on the market, only animal-based leather can be called genuine suede.

2. ULTRASUEDE LEATHER SKIN
Ultrasuede is one of the first suede substitutes to appear on the market. Developed in 1970 by Japanese scientist Miyoshi Okamoto, most forms of Ultrasuede include 80% microfiber fiber and 20% polyurethane resin. Unlike animal-based suede, Ultrasuede can be washed in a washing machine, and it can be dried.

3. SKIN ALCANTARA
Alcantara is another trade name of Ultrasuede. It was developed as part of a joint venture between Japanese Toray industries and Italian company Alcantara.

This fabric is practically identical to Ultrasuede, and like this similar synthetic fabric, Alcantara is machine washable. While Ultrasuede leather fabrics are more commonly used in general industrial and consumer applications,

Alcantara fabric is often found more in high-end car interiors and branded handbags.
And there are some suede fabrics manufactured using advanced scientific technology, we learn in the article with more specific content.

X. HOW IS SKIN CLOTHING AFFECTING THE ENVIRONMENT?
What is suede? Overview of knowledge about Sudue Leather

Suede fabric usually has a negligible environmental impact. Because this fabric is natural animal fiber, it is biodegradable, which means that suede does not accumulate in the fragile ecosystem of the Earth or contributes to the microfiber crisis.

However, animal rights activists and other related entities have raised concerns about the treatment of animals used to obtain suede fabric. Particularly related to activists is the fact that animals must be killed to obtain leather cloth. In most cases, other animal parts are also used when the skin is harvested, but in rare cases, the rest of the animal is removed, wasteful.

Animal production for the purpose of leather is only environmentally sustainable when the whole animal is used. Animals used to produce leather, such as sheep, cows and goats, use large amounts of food and water, and breeding large animals can have adverse effects on soil and environmental conditions. surroundings if not properly implemented land management techniques.

Regardless of ethical and land use issues, manufacturing leather products such as suede is one of the most environmentally friendly textile production types. Planting fibers generally requires the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers, and the production of synthetic fibers generally requires the use of fossil fuels, and these fibers are not biodegradable.

Because animal fibers, such as suede, are renewable and biodegradable, they have negligible environmental impact as long as they comply with appropriate husbandry and production techniques. Suede production is inherently unsustainable in the environment, but these yarn producers must be organized with strict organic farming techniques to avoid any avoidable environmental impact.

The above are some share of suede fabric hope to give people a little more clearer and more general and serve your idea of ​​decorating your office, family or fashion perfectly. the best.